Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a progressive neurological condition which affects the Central Nervous System. It affects one in ten thousand people and is more common in women and those with a family history of multiple sclerosis. It is unknown what triggers multiple sclerosis to develop. The diagnosis is usually made between the ages of 20-40 years, although the initial symptoms can occur many years prior to this.
In MS, the symptoms occur because of a process called ‘demyelination’ which affects the nerves of the central nervous system. The brain, spinal cord and the optic nerves can all be affected by MS and this can result in changes to sensation, vision, muscle strength and energy levels.
The trajectory of MS can be difficult to predict. For most people, the time from diagnosis to significant disability takes years, with periods of relapse and recovery. For a smaller group of people with MS, their symptoms continue to progress.
There is no known cure for MS, however the development of disease modifying drugs has meant that some people may benefit from medications that reduce the risk of relapse or slow down the progression of disease. Other medications such as methylprednisolone are used during a relapse of MS. These medications for MS are individualised for each person, based on an assessment by a neurologist. Most people with early MS are able to live independently. As everyday tasks become more challenging, support from family or formal carers often becomes important to maintain function and quality of life.
At Adelaide Disability Medical Services our doctors understand that your care needs due to Multiple Sclerosis may change with time. We will work with your care providers, neurologist and allied health team to provide holistic comprehensive care, utilising GP Chronic Disease Management Plans where needed.
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